Many cycling injuries occur due to overuse of the joints of the lower body, especially the knees.
Shoulder pain can range from mild to severe and can come on suddenly or build up over time. Shoulder pain causes include fractures, tissue inflammation or tears, joint or ligament instability, and arthritis.
About half of patients who underwent 6 months of nonoperative management for isolated posterior glenohumeral instability required arthroscopic stabilization, according to a presentation.
Patients who underwent isolated medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction maintained outcomes at 5 years with low recurrent instability rates and high return to sport rates, according to results presented here.
Frozen shoulder, or adhesive capsulitis, occurs when inflammation and scar tissue invade the shoulder joint. It can start with inflammation of the joint that leads to scarring, or in some cases the scarring happens with little inflammation.